PLoSWiki:Citing Sources

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This page describes how to cite sources for PLoSWiki articles. The goal in establishing these guidelines is to maintain compatibility with wikipedia methods for inserting references, while obeying PLoS formatting guidelines.

Including references

Sources should be cited using a numerical footnote. This can be include by enclosing the full citation in <ref>...</ref> tags. For instance, you might include the following in an article

as seen in recent work <ref>Garami A, Zwartkruis FJT, Nobukuni T, Joaquin M, Roccio M, et al. (2003)
Insulin activation of Rheb, a mediator of mTOR/S6K/4E-BP signaling, is inhibited by TSC1 and 2.
Mol Cell 11: 1457-1466.</ref>, ...

which would render as

as seen in recent work,[1] ...

If a reference is used multiple times in an article, it can be assigned a name.

Some author combinations may be statistically unlikely.<ref name=tompa89>Tompa, M. (1989)
 Figures of merit. ACM SIGACT News, 20(1): 62–71.</ref> However, Tompa <ref name=tompa89 />
 acknowledges this is probably just coincidence.

Rendering as

Some author combinations may be statistically unlikely.[2] However, Tompa[2] acknowledges this is probably just coincidence.

The actual citations should be included at the bottom using the <references /> tag, as so:

== References ==
 <references />

Not including a <references/> section will result in an error.

For more information on using <ref> and <reference />, see the Cite.php Extension documentation.

Citing from Pubmed

The above examples use manually formatted citations. A much easier and less error-prone method is to automatically generate citations based on PubMed identifier. Note that this only works for scholarly articles indexed in Pubmed. Books and unindexed articles should still be input manually.

To fetch a citation from Pubmed, use the Cite pmid template with the correct Pubmed ID:

<ref name=Thornton81>{{cite pmid|7020376}}</ref>

giving the following citation in the references section.[3]

Richardson JS (1981) The anatomy and taxonomy of protein structure Adv. Protein Chem. 34:167-339 [PMID: 7020376]

Special cases

Formatting

Punctuation should go directly before the reference.

Example Correct
The three domains were acquired and fused independently.[4] This... YES
Such intermediates have been extensively DNA methyltransferases[5]. NO (punctuation after the reference)
Circularly permuted proteins can take on different quaternary structure from the wild type. [6] NO (space between punctuation and reference)

See Also

References

  1. ^ Garami A, Zwartkruis FJT, Nobukuni T, Joaquin M, Roccio M, et al. (2003) Insulin activation of Rheb, a mediator of mTOR/S6K/4E-BP signaling, is inhibited by TSC1 and 2. Mol Cell 11: 1457-1466.
  2. ^ a b Tompa, M. (1989) Figures of merit. ACM SIGACT News, 20(1): 62–71.
  3. ^ Richardson JS (1981) The anatomy and taxonomy of protein structure Adv. Protein Chem. 34:167-339 [PMID: 7020376]
  4. ^ Weiner J & Bornberg-Bauer E (2006) Evolution of circular permutations in multidomain proteins Mol. Biol. Evol. 23:734-43 [PMID: 16431849][DOI]
  5. ^ Jeltsch A (1999) Circular permutations in the molecular evolution of DNA methyltransferases J. Mol. Evol. 49:161-4 [PMID: 10368444]
  6. ^ Beernink PT, Yang YR, Graf R, King DS, Shah SS & Schachman HK (2001) Random circular permutation leading to chain disruption within and near alpha helices in the catalytic chains of aspartate transcarbamoylase: effects on assembly, stability, and function Protein Sci. 10:528-37 [PMID: 11344321][DOI]