PLoSWiki:Citing Sources

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This page describes how to cite sources for Topic Page articles. The goal in establishing these guidelines is to maintain compatibility with wikipedia methods for inserting references, while obeying PLOS formatting guidelines. Wikipedia's tutorial can be found here

Including inline citations

Automatic formatting using PubMed numbers (recommended)

Ideally, most references will be generated using their PubMed identifier (PMID). Note that this only works for scholarly articles indexed in Pubmed. Books and unindexed articles should still be input manually.

To fetch a citation from Pubmed, use the Cite pmid template with the correct Pubmed ID:

Here is my reference<ref>{{Cite pmid|16592676}}</ref>

‎Produces →‎ Here is my reference[1]

1. Cunningham BA, Hemperly JJ, Hopp TP & Edelman GM (1979) Favin versus concanavalin A: Circularly permuted amino acid sequences Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76:3218-22 [PMID: 16592676]

Automatic formatting using DOI numbers (external webtool)

A DOI number can be used to generate a reference using the https://reftag.appspot.com/doiweb.py website. The website will automatically generate the necessary text for a reference when provided a DOI number, which can be copy-pasted into your article. For example, the DOI "10.1111/j.1600-0404.1986.tb04634.x" will generate:

Here is my reference<ref name="MölsäMarttila1986">{{cite journal|last1=Mölsä|first1=P.K.|last2=Marttila|first2=R.J.|last3=Rinne|first3=U.K.|title=Survival and cause of death in Alzheimer's disease and multi-infarct dementia|journal=Acta Neurologica Scandinavica|volume=74|issue=2|year=1986|pages=103–107|doi=10.1111/j.1600-0404.1986.tb04634.x}}</ref>

‎Produces →‎ Here is my reference[2]

2. Mölsä, P.K.; Marttila, R.J.; Rinne, U.K. (1986), "Survival and cause of death in Alzheimer's disease and multi-infarct dementia", Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 74 (2): 103–107, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0404.1986.tb04634.x

It is best to use either all PMID or all DOI for citations, since the formatting of the references slightly differ.

Reusing the same reference

Here is my reference<ref name=#7020376>{{Cite pmid|7020376}}</ref> and the same one again<ref name=#7020376/>

Produces →‎ Here is my reference[3] and same one again[3]

<3. Richardson JS (1981) The anatomy and taxonomy of protein structure Adv. Protein Chem. 34:167-339 [PMID: 7020376]

Manual formatting

Alternatively you can enter manually enter the details for a citation by writing a full citation in <ref>...</ref> tags. For instance, you might include the following in an article

as seen in recent work,<ref>Garami A, Zwartkruis FJT, Nobukuni T, Joaquin M, Roccio M, et al. (2003)
Insulin activation of Rheb, a mediator of mTOR/S6K/4E-BP signaling, is inhibited by TSC1 and 2.
Mol Cell 11: 1457-1466.</ref> ...

Produces →‎ as seen in recent work,[4] ...

4. Garami A, Zwartkruis FJT, Nobukuni T, Joaquin M, Roccio M, et al. (2003) Insulin activation of Rheb, a mediator of mTOR/S6K/4E-BP signaling, is inhibited by TSC1 and 2. Mol Cell 11: 1457-1466.

This is generally not recommended, since it is easy to make manual errors, and can make re-formatting later more difficult.

Formatting

Punctuation should go directly before the reference.

Example Correct
The three domains were acquired and fused independently.[5] This... YES
The three domains were acquired and fused independently[5]. This... NO (punctuation after the reference)
The three domains were acquired and fused independently. [5] This... NO (space between punctuation and reference)

The reference footer

The actual citations will be included at the bottom using the <references /> tag, as so:

== References ==
 <references />

See Also

References on this page

  1. ^ Cunningham BA, Hemperly JJ, Hopp TP & Edelman GM (1979) Favin versus concanavalin A: Circularly permuted amino acid sequences Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76:3218-22 [PMID: 16592676]
  2. ^ Mölsä, P.K.; Marttila, R.J.; Rinne, U.K. (1986), "Survival and cause of death in Alzheimer's disease and multi-infarct dementia", Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 74 (2): 103–107, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0404.1986.tb04634.x
  3. ^ a b Richardson JS (1981) The anatomy and taxonomy of protein structure Adv. Protein Chem. 34:167-339 [PMID: 7020376]
  4. ^ Garami A, Zwartkruis FJT, Nobukuni T, Joaquin M, Roccio M, et al. (2003) Insulin activation of Rheb, a mediator of mTOR/S6K/4E-BP signaling, is inhibited by TSC1 and 2. Mol Cell 11: 1457-1466.
  5. ^ a b c Weiner J & Bornberg-Bauer E (2006) Evolution of circular permutations in multidomain proteins Mol. Biol. Evol. 23:734-43 [PMID: 16431849][DOI]